10

JavaEE 5 (JSF + JPA + EJB3) using Eclipse

Posted by JOKe on 10/26/2009 05:56:00 PM in
Today I will show you how to create Enterprise Application using Java EE 5 and GlassFish.
I will use
- Eclipse 3.5 + WTP
- GlassFish v. 2.1
- JSF Mojarra implementation.
- EJB 3.0.
- JPA Toplink essentials implementation.
- MySQL
No NetBeans or JDeveloper magic involved :)
The prerequirement is:
Add datasource in glassfish. Read this how you can make this here: http://gochev.blogspot.com/2009/10/creating-datasource-in-glassfish-v-21.html

1) First you need to add glassfish in your eclipse.
- Go to Servers View
- Right Click, New
- Choose GlassFish v 2.1 if you dont have glassfish click on Download additional adapters link choose glassfish wait and restart eclipse. Than try again.




2) Create the database

CREATE TABLE `lesson`.`USERS` (
`id` INTEGER UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
`username` VARCHAR(45) NOT NULL,
`password` VARCHAR(45) NOT NULL,
`name` VARCHAR(45) NOT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
)
ENGINE = InnoDB;



3) Create EJB project





4) Add persistance.xml file in META-INF folder

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<persistence xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" version="1.0">

<persistence-unit name="toursUnit">
<jta-data-source>lessonMySQL</jta-data-source>
<class>org.joke.model.User</class>
</persistence-unit>

</persistence>



5) Create Simple Entity org.joke.model.User

package org.joke.model;

import javax.persistence.Basic;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.Table;

@Entity
@Table(name = "USERS")
public class User {

private Long id;
private String name;
private String username;
private String password;

@Id
@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
public Long getId() {
return id;
}

public void setId(Long id) {
this.id = id;
}

@Basic
public String getName() {
return name;
}

public void setName(String name) {
this.name = name;
}

@Basic
public String getUsername() {
return username;
}

public void setUsername(String username) {
this.username = username;
}

@Basic
public String getPassword() {
return password;
}

public void setPassword(String password) {
this.password = password;
}



}


6) Create HelloService EJB that will use EntityManager

- The local interface is:
package org.joke.service;
import javax.ejb.Local;

import org.joke.model.User;

@Local
public interface HelloService {
public User login(String username,String password);
}


-The implementation is:

package org.joke.service;

import java.util.List;

import javax.ejb.Stateless;
import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.PersistenceContext;
import javax.persistence.Query;

import org.joke.model.User;

/**
* Session Bean implementation class HelloServiceImpl
*/
@Stateless
public class HelloServiceImpl implements HelloService {

@PersistenceContext(unitName = "toursUnit")
EntityManager em;

public HelloServiceImpl() {
}

@Override
public User login(String username, String password) {
Query query = em
.createQuery("select u from User u where u.username = :username and u.password = :password");
query.setParameter("username", username);
query.setParameter("password", password);

List<User> result = query.getResultList();

if (result != null && result.size() > 0) {
return result.get(0); //first user
}
return null;
}

}


7) Create Dynamic Web Project





8) Add JSF to this Dynamic Web Project

- Edit web.xml and add FacesServlet
 <servlet>
<display-name>FacesServlet</display-name>
<servlet-name>Faces Servlet</servlet-name>
<servlet-class>javax.faces.webapp.FacesServlet</servlet-class>
<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
<servlet-mapping>
<servlet-name>Faces Servlet</servlet-name>
<url-pattern>*.jsf</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>


9) I will use a very simple login form (login.jsp) and home.jsp where you will go if login is successfull.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<jsp:root xmlns:jsp="http://java.sun.com/JSP/Page"
xmlns:f="http://java.sun.com/jsf/core"
xmlns:h="http://java.sun.com/jsf/html" version="2.1">
<jsp:directive.page language="java"
contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8" />
<jsp:text>
<![CDATA[ <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> ]]>
</jsp:text>
<jsp:text>
<![CDATA[ <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> ]]>
</jsp:text>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>Hello JSF Page</title>
</head>
<body>
<f:view>
<h:messages style="color:red;"></h:messages>
<h:form id="loginForm">
<table>
<tr>
<td align="right"><h:outputText value="Username: " /></td>
<td><h:inputText id="username"
value="#{userBean.currentUser.username}" required="true">
<f:validateLength maximum="10" minimum="3" />
</h:inputText></td>
<td><h:message for="username" style="color:red;" /></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td align="right"><h:outputText value="Password: " /></td>
<td><h:inputSecret id="password"
value="#{userBean.currentUser.password}" required="true" /></td>
<td><h:message for="password" style="color:red;" /></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td colspan="3"><h:commandButton value="login"
action="#{userBean.login}" /></td>
</tr>
</table>


</h:form>
</f:view>
</body>
</html>
</jsp:root>


- The home.jsp looks like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<jsp:root xmlns:jsp="http://java.sun.com/JSP/Page"
xmlns:f="http://java.sun.com/jsf/core"
xmlns:h="http://java.sun.com/jsf/html" version="2.1">
<jsp:directive.page language="java"
contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8" />
<jsp:text>
<![CDATA[ <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> ]]>
</jsp:text>
<jsp:text>
<![CDATA[ <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> ]]>
</jsp:text>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>Hello JSF Page</title>
</head>
<body>
<f:view>
Welcome user

</f:view>
</body>
</html>
</jsp:root>



- and faces-config.xml looks like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<faces-config xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-facesconfig_1_2.xsd"
version="1.2">
<navigation-rule>
<from-view-id>/login.jsp</from-view-id>
<navigation-case>
<from-outcome>success</from-outcome>
<to-view-id>/home.jsp</to-view-id>
</navigation-case>
</navigation-rule>

<managed-bean>
<managed-bean-name>userBean</managed-bean-name>
<managed-bean-class>mbeans.UserBean</managed-bean-class>
<managed-bean-scope>session</managed-bean-scope>
</managed-bean>
</faces-config>


-The UserBean source is:

package mbeans;

import javax.ejb.EJB;
import javax.faces.application.FacesMessage;
import javax.faces.context.FacesContext;

import org.joke.model.User;
import org.joke.service.HelloService;

public class UserBean {
private User currentUser = new User();
@EJB
private HelloService helloService ;

public void setCurrentUser(User currentUser) {
this.currentUser = currentUser;
}

public User getCurrentUser() {
return currentUser;
}

public String login() {
User result = helloService.login(currentUser.getUsername(),
currentUser.getPassword());
if (result!=null) {
currentUser = result;
return "success";
}
FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().addMessage(
null,
new FacesMessage("username and password not found"));
return null;
}

}

10) You can notice that I use HelloService and User model class in the Dynamic web project. To do this you have to add the service project as referenced by the web project.
- Right click on the web project and choose Properties

-Go to Build path/Projects

-Add the services project

-Now check the UserBean it should not contain any errors.
11) Create Enterprise Applicatin and add Web and EJB module to this application



12) Right click on the Enterprise Application and choose Run on server.

13) go to http://localhost:8080/HelloWeb/login.jsf and test it :)



That's all.
Note that we did not include any third party jar files in this projects. This is because GlassFish include JSF 1.2 Mojarra implementation and Toplink JPA implementation.

*Update : full source code of the example you can download from: http://dl.getdropbox.com/u/887821/HelloJavaEE5.rar

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4

Creating DataSource in GlassFish v. 2.1

Posted by JOKe on 10/26/2009 05:06:00 PM in
I will show you how to create a DataSource in GlassFish version 2.1 because there were a lot of properties and I had a lot of problems when I've try to register datasource in glassfish for the first time.

1) You have to download JDBC driver for your database. For example I will use MySQL and I will use Connector/J driver that you can download from mysql official web site.

2) Place the JDBC driver in for example D:\glassfishv21\domains\domain1\lib\ext for example my driver is mysql-connector-java-5.0.4.jar

3) Start the domain for example domain1 (asadmin start-domain domain1)

4) go to http://localhost:4848 and login as admin. By default the username is 'admin' and the password is 'adminadmin'

5) go to Resources/JDBC/Connection Pools



-First we will create a connection pool. Click the 'NEW' button



-Than you must type:
- Name: of the connection pool for example MySQL Lessson
- Resource Type: javax.sql.ConnectionPoolDataSource
- Database Vendor: MySQL



-Press 'Next'
-On the Next step scroll down you will see a list of properties. The important for you (you must select this checkboxes) are: 'user','password','url'. If some of this is missing for example there is no 'url' if the vendor is Oracle you can add it using the Add property button.
- user : root
- password : rootpassword
- url : jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/lesson?autoReconnect=true&characterEncoding=utf8



-When you fill this 3 properties you must press 'Save'
-Than select again your datasource and press 'Ping' to see is everything correct



You are now ready to create your DataSource that will use this connection pool.

6)go to Resources/JDBC/JDBC Resources



- Press 'New'
- Type some jndi name of the resource that you will use latter in your project(s)
- Choose PoolName to be the pool that you have just created.



Now we have DataSource that we can use from any Enterprise/Web Application.
In the next lesson I will create Java EE 5 application using JPA, EJB, JSF using eclipse and this app will use this datasource.

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CV

Posted by JOKe on 10/26/2009 02:43:00 PM in

Who am I?

When you read some blog maybe you are wondering:
Who is this guy?
For that reason I will add my CV to my blog, I think this is enough :). You can download the PDF version from here.

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